How to Troubleshoot an Automatic Folder Gluer Machine

How to Troubleshoot an Automatic Folder Gluer Machine

Modern print finishing equipment is built to withstand continuous and long-term use. We at SBL, for example, manufacture folder gluer machines using high-quality materials from Taiwan, Japan, and the EU. We also integrate high-tech software, electrical components, and other features to expand the uses of our products and equip them for massive manufacturing demands.

Wear and tear, however, are inevitable over time. Premium-quality parts still eventually deteriorate and function at a sub-optimal rate. It is during this period that owners need to be more observant of their equipment and keep an eye out for signs that their machines need repairs or parts need replacing.

As the manufacturer of your folder gluer machines, SBL can provide servicing assistance. Things like geographic distance and logistics, however, could make it difficult for our technicians to reach your facility.

Common Problems and Troubleshooting Tips

Here are some of the issues you might encounter with a folding and gluing machine over time:

Inaccurate folds, gaps, and creases in the wrong positions

There are several possibilities for these flaws. The composition of the paper or cardboard itself could be the issue or the finish applied on the surface of the material. Test the machine again using a different substrate. If the problems persist, examine the upstream SOPs: there could be flaws in the practices, such as overloading or underloading the feeder tray. Another possibility is that the conveyor belts may be worn out or misaligned. Either situation would require a complete stop of your operations to make way for repairs and replacement.

Slow or inconsistent speed

We manufacture folding and gluing machines that can last decades. They can only realize this potential, however, if they are well maintained and cared for. Irregularities in the production speed mean it’s time for a maintenance check (and to look for underlying issues).

Weak adhesive

This is usually a glue quality issue that can be corrected by switching to something with stronger adhesive strength or increasing the amount the gluer applies. Alternatively, you can install a grinding device as reinforcement for the gluing section.

Paper jams

This is another problem with many possible causes. Paper jams often happen inside the machine as the paper or cardboard moves from one section to the next. This could be the result when the substrate’s dimensions are too big or too small, the conveyors are misaligned, or the lower fold plates are even just slightly off their correct positions. To troubleshoot the latter two, SBL can provide instructional references for your on-site technicians to follow.

Persistent paper jams could also mean hardware damage, specifically a bent fold plate deflector. Get in touch with SBL immediately if this is the problem: we can ship a replacement part your way as quickly as possible.

Curling edges

Thin paper substrates can sometimes curl after rapid passes through rollers and fold plates. Consistent curls can be remedied by slightly widening the gap of the feeding lip or installing smoothers and guides (the latter ensures the paper moves through the machine at the correct position. It gets trickier to manage curling, however, when sheets emerge with curls in different locations. One cause could be the direction of the folds goes against the grain of the paper or cardboard. You can flip the sheets or turn the stack in the feeder station so that the folds are parallel with the grain.

Two or more sheets enter the feeder at once

When you run the folder-gluer machine continuously and at a high speed, sheets might stick together in the feeder tray and enter the machine two or more at a time. At the very least, you’ll have a handful of defective boxes; at worst, your production will lag because of paper jams. Machine operators can prevent this by manually fanning the edges of the sheets with a thumb. This is a band-aid solution, however, and inefficient when you have multiple machines to look after. Fortunately, SBL offers optional features like a suction device to improve the feeder’s performance.

Support Services by SBL

If you think your machine needs in-depth diagnosis and servicing, fill out our Service Form. Our service team will get back to you as quickly as possible and give more details about your service request.

The sooner you get in touch, the quicker we can solve the problems in your equipment. Contact us today.

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